Croatia is divided up into regions which are Central Croatia, Slavonia and Baranja, Istria, Kvarner, Gorski Kotar and Lika, Northern Dalmatia, Central Dalmatia and Southern Dalmatia. There are densely and sparsely populated areas in Croatia. The most densely populated parts are the towns and areas surrounding Zagreb, Split, Rijeka and Osijek, and the most dense ones are Gorski Kotar, Lika and Dalmatinska Zagora.
• Area: 56,542 sq. km
• Territorial sea: 31,067 sq. km
• Length of land border: 2,028 sq. km
• Population (census of 1991): 4,381,352
• Number of inhabitants/sq. km: 85,6
• Religious confessions: prevalently Roman Catholic (85%)
• Capital: Zagreb (cca 950,000 inhabitants)
• Language: Croatian
• Script: Latin
• Political system: parliamentary democracy
• Currency: Kuna (kn) 1 kuna (100 lipa = 1 kuna)
• Int. telephone dialing no.: +385
• Voltage: 220V, 50Hz
The Republic of Croatia is situate on the eastern shore of the Adriatic sea and its hinterland spans the Alpine slopes, a large portion of the Panonian plain to the shores of the Danube and Drava rivers. Its territory covers 56,538 square kilometers, of which 5,790 kilometers comprise the coast and the islands. The territorial water area includes 1,185 islands, islets and reefs, amounting to 3,1000 square kilometers. There are three geographical entities in Croatia - the Mediterranean, the ountainous and the Panonian. In the west, Croatia borders on the Italian Adriatic, in the northwest and north with Slovenia, in the north and northeast with Hungary. In the east, it borders on the Vojvodina province (within Serbia), in the south with Bosnia and Herzegovina and at the very south, with Montenegro.
Croatia is blessed with moderate climate and well defined all four annual periods.The summers are not outrageously hot, exceptional winter cold is rare, and when they do appear they do not last for long, and the spring and autumn are pleasant.The climate of the inner coastal area and islands is Mediterranean, with gentle and humid winters, and warm, dry and sunny summers. Zagora is graced with sub-Mediterranean climate with a somewhat colder winter and hotter summer. The northeastern parts of Croatia have a moderate continental climate with warm summers and frequent summer storms. Thus the summers in the continental part are not as hot as the ones in the coastal area. During winter, snow is retained on the ground for 25-40 days per year, and only in the higher elevations of the mountainous area it remains for more than 40 days.
The Adriatic has a length of 870 kilometers and a breadth of at most 210 kilometers. It is one of the most beautiful seas in the world. It is marked by a high degree of salinity, a special purity and warmth.